(This is an “Appendix article” to a multi-part series answering the question: “How Much Money Did Disney Make on the Lucasfilm deal?” Previous sections are here:
Part I: Introduction & “The Time Value of Money Explained”
Appendix: Feature Film Finances Explained!
Part II: Star Wars Movie Revenue So Far
Part III: The Economics of Blockbusters
Part IV: Movie Revenue – Modeling the Scenarios
Part V: The Analysis! Performance, Implications, and Cautions)
So after a planned family vacation and an unplanned family emergency, I’m back with my series estimating how much money Disney has made on the Lucasfilm acquisition. The next place to go is movies. How much will Disney make on the new Star Wars films?
Listen, I was all set to dive into the economics of Star Wars movies. Then I realized some readers may not know how movie accounting really works (or doesn’t work?). Before I can get into the specifics of these films, I feel like I should explain all feature film economics.
Can I explain it all? Given that some professionals spend their lives working on this and books have been written on it and courses taught on it, no. What I think I can do—what I will try to do—is provide enough of a summary right now that you’ll know how I calculated the movie returns, and you’ll have an idea for how this works.
I also decided that this isn’t really “Part II” of my series. If I were writing a report on this, I’d put this section in the Appendix. You don’t have to know it to get to the conclusion, but you may want to read it. And if you don’t know it, you’d want to read it before Part II. So here is is: my explanation for how film economics works and my confidence in various pieces.
A Brief Movie Windowing Model
A movies’ finances breaks down into four rough areas: costs, revenues, studio fees and back end. They appear (either going out or coming in) in roughly that order, which is also important. (As I wrote in Part I about the time value of money, you can skip ahead if you know this, but you may still enjoy it.)
A note before I start. I call this a “windowing” model, but I’ve heard it called all sorts of things. If you make it before the film is released, then you’d call it a “greenlight” model. It’s called that because you forecast all the numbers to give a movie the “greenlight” to release. It’s called a windowing model because each phase comes in successive windows. Otherwise it could be called an accounting statement for purposes of talent.